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# Copyright (C) 2008 Google Inc.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
"""MockService provides CRUD ops. for mocking calls to AtomPub services.
MockService: Exposes the publicly used methods of AtomService to provide
a mock interface which can be used in unit tests.
import atom.service
import pickle
__author__ = 'api.jscudder (Jeffrey Scudder)'
# Recordings contains pairings of HTTP MockRequest objects with MockHttpResponse objects.
recordings = []
# If set, the mock service HttpRequest are actually made through this object.
real_request_handler = None
def ConcealValueWithSha(source):
import sha
def DumpRecordings(conceal_func=ConcealValueWithSha):
if conceal_func:
for recording_pair in recordings:
return pickle.dumps(recordings)
def LoadRecordings(recordings_file_or_string):
if isinstance(recordings_file_or_string, str):
atom.mock_service.recordings = pickle.loads(recordings_file_or_string)
elif hasattr(recordings_file_or_string, 'read'):
atom.mock_service.recordings = pickle.loads(
def HttpRequest(service, operation, data, uri, extra_headers=None,
url_params=None, escape_params=True, content_type='application/atom+xml'):
"""Simulates an HTTP call to the server, makes an actual HTTP request if
real_request_handler is set.
This function operates in two different modes depending on if
real_request_handler is set or not. If real_request_handler is not set,
HttpRequest will look in this module's recordings list to find a response
which matches the parameters in the function call. If real_request_handler
is set, this function will call real_request_handler.HttpRequest, add the
response to the recordings list, and respond with the actual response.
service: atom.AtomService object which contains some of the parameters
needed to make the request. The following members are used to
construct the HTTP call: server (str), additional_headers (dict),
port (int), and ssl (bool).
operation: str The HTTP operation to be performed. This is usually one of
'GET', 'POST', 'PUT', or 'DELETE'
data: ElementTree, filestream, list of parts, or other object which can be
converted to a string.
Should be set to None when performing a GET or PUT.
If data is a file-like object which can be read, this method will read
a chunk of 100K bytes at a time and send them.
If the data is a list of parts to be sent, each part will be evaluated
and sent.
uri: The beginning of the URL to which the request should be sent.
Examples: '/', '/base/feeds/snippets',
extra_headers: dict of strings. HTTP headers which should be sent
in the request. These headers are in addition to those stored in
url_params: dict of strings. Key value pairs to be added to the URL as
URL parameters. For example {'foo':'bar', 'test':'param'} will
become ?foo=bar&test=param.
escape_params: bool default True. If true, the keys and values in
url_params will be URL escaped when the form is constructed
(Special characters converted to %XX form.)
content_type: str The MIME type for the data being sent. Defaults to
'application/atom+xml', this is only used if data is set.
full_uri = atom.service.BuildUri(uri, url_params, escape_params)
(server, port, ssl, uri) = atom.service.ProcessUrl(service, uri)
current_request = MockRequest(operation, full_uri, host=server, ssl=ssl,
data=data, extra_headers=extra_headers, url_params=url_params,
escape_params=escape_params, content_type=content_type)
# If the request handler is set, we should actually make the request using
# the request handler and record the response to replay later.
if real_request_handler:
response = real_request_handler.HttpRequest(service, operation, data, uri,
extra_headers=extra_headers, url_params=url_params,
escape_params=escape_params, content_type=content_type)
# TODO: need to copy the HTTP headers from the real response into the
# recorded_response.
recorded_response = MockHttpResponse(,
status=response.status, reason=response.reason)
# Insert a tuple which maps the request to the response object returned
# when making an HTTP call using the real_request_handler.
recordings.append((current_request, recorded_response))
return recorded_response
# Look through available recordings to see if one matches the current
# request.
for request_response_pair in recordings:
if request_response_pair[0].IsMatch(current_request):
return request_response_pair[1]
return None
class MockRequest(object):
"""Represents a request made to an AtomPub server.
These objects are used to determine if a client request matches a recorded
HTTP request to determine what the mock server's response will be.
def __init__(self, operation, uri, host=None, ssl=False, port=None,
data=None, extra_headers=None, url_params=None, escape_params=True,
"""Constructor for a MockRequest
operation: str One of 'GET', 'POST', 'PUT', or 'DELETE' this is the
HTTP operation requested on the resource.
uri: str The URL describing the resource to be modified or feed to be
retrieved. This should include the protocol (http/https) and the host
(aka domain). For example, these are some valud full_uris:
'', ''
host: str (optional) The server name which will be placed at the
beginning of the URL if the uri parameter does not begin with 'http'.
Examples include '', '', ''.
ssl: boolean (optional) If true, the request URL will begin with https
instead of http.
data: ElementTree, filestream, list of parts, or other object which can be
converted to a string. (optional)
Should be set to None when performing a GET or PUT.
If data is a file-like object which can be read, the constructor
will read the entire file into memory. If the data is a list of
parts to be sent, each part will be evaluated and stored.
extra_headers: dict (optional) HTTP headers included in the request.
url_params: dict (optional) Key value pairs which should be added to
the URL as URL parameters in the request. For example uri='/',
url_parameters={'foo':'1','bar':'2'} could become '/?foo=1&bar=2'.
escape_params: boolean (optional) Perform URL escaping on the keys and
values specified in url_params. Defaults to True.
content_type: str (optional) Provides the MIME type of the data being
self.operation = operation
self.uri = _ConstructFullUrlBase(uri, host=host, ssl=ssl) = data
self.extra_headers = extra_headers
self.url_params = url_params or {}
self.escape_params = escape_params
self.content_type = content_type
def ConcealSecrets(self, conceal_func):
"""Conceal secret data in this request."""
if self.extra_headers.has_key('Authorization'):
self.extra_headers['Authorization'] = conceal_func(
def IsMatch(self, other_request):
"""Check to see if the other_request is equivalent to this request.
Used to determine if a recording matches an incoming request so that a
recorded response should be sent to the client.
The matching is not exact, only the operation and URL are examined
other_request: MockRequest The request which we want to check this
(self) MockRequest against to see if they are equivalent.
# More accurate matching logic will likely be required.
return (self.operation == other_request.operation and self.uri ==
def _ConstructFullUrlBase(uri, host=None, ssl=False):
"""Puts URL components into the form http(s)://
Used to construct a roughly canonical URL so that URLs which begin with
'' can be compared to a uri of '/' when the host is
set to ''
If the uri contains 'http://host' already, the host and ssl parameters
are ignored.
uri: str The path component of the URL, examples include '/'
host: str (optional) The host name which should prepend the URL. Example:
ssl: boolean (optional) If true, the returned URL will begin with https
instead of http.
String which has the form http(s)://
if uri.startswith('http'):
return uri
if ssl:
return 'https://%s%s' % (host, uri)
return 'http://%s%s' % (host, uri)
class MockHttpResponse(object):
"""Returned from MockService crud methods as the server's response."""
def __init__(self, body=None, status=None, reason=None, headers=None):
"""Construct a mock HTTPResponse and set members.
body: str (optional) The HTTP body of the server's response.
status: int (optional)
reason: str (optional)
headers: dict (optional)
self.body = body
self.status = status
self.reason = reason
self.headers = headers or {}
def read(self):
return self.body
def getheader(self, header_name):
return self.headers[header_name]