blob: f2012a64005f47262fab414048bbee4c88447cbd [file] [log] [blame]
"""
Settings and configuration for Django.
Values will be read from the module specified by the DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE environment
variable, and then from django.conf.global_settings; see the global settings file for
a list of all possible variables.
"""
import os
import re
import time # Needed for Windows
import warnings
from django.conf import global_settings
from django.utils.functional import LazyObject
from django.utils import importlib
ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLE = "DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE"
class LazySettings(LazyObject):
"""
A lazy proxy for either global Django settings or a custom settings object.
The user can manually configure settings prior to using them. Otherwise,
Django uses the settings module pointed to by DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE.
"""
def _setup(self):
"""
Load the settings module pointed to by the environment variable. This
is used the first time we need any settings at all, if the user has not
previously configured the settings manually.
"""
try:
settings_module = os.environ[ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLE]
if not settings_module: # If it's set but is an empty string.
raise KeyError
except KeyError:
# NOTE: This is arguably an EnvironmentError, but that causes
# problems with Python's interactive help.
raise ImportError("Settings cannot be imported, because environment variable %s is undefined." % ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLE)
self._wrapped = Settings(settings_module)
def configure(self, default_settings=global_settings, **options):
"""
Called to manually configure the settings. The 'default_settings'
parameter sets where to retrieve any unspecified values from (its
argument must support attribute access (__getattr__)).
"""
if self._wrapped != None:
raise RuntimeError('Settings already configured.')
holder = UserSettingsHolder(default_settings)
for name, value in options.items():
setattr(holder, name, value)
self._wrapped = holder
def configured(self):
"""
Returns True if the settings have already been configured.
"""
return bool(self._wrapped)
configured = property(configured)
class BaseSettings(object):
"""
Common logic for settings whether set by a module or by the user.
"""
def __setattr__(self, name, value):
if name in ("MEDIA_URL", "STATIC_URL") and value and not value.endswith('/'):
warnings.warn('If set, %s must end with a slash' % name,
PendingDeprecationWarning)
object.__setattr__(self, name, value)
class Settings(BaseSettings):
def __init__(self, settings_module):
# update this dict from global settings (but only for ALL_CAPS settings)
for setting in dir(global_settings):
if setting == setting.upper():
setattr(self, setting, getattr(global_settings, setting))
# store the settings module in case someone later cares
self.SETTINGS_MODULE = settings_module
try:
mod = importlib.import_module(self.SETTINGS_MODULE)
except ImportError, e:
raise ImportError("Could not import settings '%s' (Is it on sys.path?): %s" % (self.SETTINGS_MODULE, e))
# Settings that should be converted into tuples if they're mistakenly entered
# as strings.
tuple_settings = ("INSTALLED_APPS", "TEMPLATE_DIRS")
for setting in dir(mod):
if setting == setting.upper():
setting_value = getattr(mod, setting)
if setting in tuple_settings and type(setting_value) == str:
setting_value = (setting_value,) # In case the user forgot the comma.
setattr(self, setting, setting_value)
# Expand entries in INSTALLED_APPS like "django.contrib.*" to a list
# of all those apps.
new_installed_apps = []
for app in self.INSTALLED_APPS:
if app.endswith('.*'):
app_mod = importlib.import_module(app[:-2])
appdir = os.path.dirname(app_mod.__file__)
app_subdirs = os.listdir(appdir)
app_subdirs.sort()
name_pattern = re.compile(r'[a-zA-Z]\w*')
for d in app_subdirs:
if name_pattern.match(d) and os.path.isdir(os.path.join(appdir, d)):
new_installed_apps.append('%s.%s' % (app[:-2], d))
else:
new_installed_apps.append(app)
self.INSTALLED_APPS = new_installed_apps
if hasattr(time, 'tzset') and self.TIME_ZONE:
# When we can, attempt to validate the timezone. If we can't find
# this file, no check happens and it's harmless.
zoneinfo_root = '/usr/share/zoneinfo'
if (os.path.exists(zoneinfo_root) and not
os.path.exists(os.path.join(zoneinfo_root, *(self.TIME_ZONE.split('/'))))):
raise ValueError("Incorrect timezone setting: %s" % self.TIME_ZONE)
# Move the time zone info into os.environ. See ticket #2315 for why
# we don't do this unconditionally (breaks Windows).
os.environ['TZ'] = self.TIME_ZONE
time.tzset()
# Settings are configured, so we can set up the logger if required
if self.LOGGING_CONFIG:
# First find the logging configuration function ...
logging_config_path, logging_config_func_name = self.LOGGING_CONFIG.rsplit('.', 1)
logging_config_module = importlib.import_module(logging_config_path)
logging_config_func = getattr(logging_config_module, logging_config_func_name)
# ... then invoke it with the logging settings
logging_config_func(self.LOGGING)
class UserSettingsHolder(BaseSettings):
"""
Holder for user configured settings.
"""
# SETTINGS_MODULE doesn't make much sense in the manually configured
# (standalone) case.
SETTINGS_MODULE = None
def __init__(self, default_settings):
"""
Requests for configuration variables not in this class are satisfied
from the module specified in default_settings (if possible).
"""
self.default_settings = default_settings
def __getattr__(self, name):
return getattr(self.default_settings, name)
def __dir__(self):
return self.__dict__.keys() + dir(self.default_settings)
# For Python < 2.6:
__members__ = property(lambda self: self.__dir__())
settings = LazySettings()