blob: 1a961ab7d2e39023df07a7f65af88ad6d27e9ec2 [file] [log] [blame]
Data Models for books.service
All classes can be instantiated from an xml string using their FromString
class method.
* Book.title displays the first dc:title because the returned XML
repeats that datum as atom:title.
There is an undocumented gbs:openAccess element that is not parsed.
__author__ = "James Sams <>"
__copyright__ = "Apache License v2.0"
import atom
import gdata
NO_VIEW = ""
class _AtomFromString(atom.AtomBase):
def FromString(cls, s):
return atom.CreateClassFromXMLString(cls, s)
FromString = classmethod(FromString)
class Creator(_AtomFromString):
The <dc:creator> element identifies an author-or more generally, an entity
responsible for creating the volume in question. Examples of a creator
include a person, an organization, or a service. In the case of
anthologies, proceedings, or other edited works, this field may be used to
indicate editors or other entities responsible for collecting the volume's
This element appears as a child of <entry>. If there are multiple authors or
contributors to the book, there may be multiple <dc:creator> elements in the
volume entry (one for each creator or contributor).
_tag = 'creator'
_namespace = DC_NAMESPACE
class Date(_AtomFromString): #iso 8601 / W3CDTF profile
The <dc:date> element indicates the publication date of the specific volume
in question. If the book is a reprint, this is the reprint date, not the
original publication date. The date is encoded according to the ISO-8601
standard (and more specifically, the W3CDTF profile).
The <dc:date> element can appear only as a child of <entry>.
Usually only the year or the year and the month are given.
YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ssTZD TZD = -hh:mm or +hh:mm
_tag = 'date'
_namespace = DC_NAMESPACE
class Description(_AtomFromString):
The <dc:description> element includes text that describes a book or book
result. In a search result feed, this may be a search result "snippet" that
contains the words around the user's search term. For a single volume feed,
this element may contain a synopsis of the book.
The <dc:description> element can appear only as a child of <entry>
_tag = 'description'
_namespace = DC_NAMESPACE
class Format(_AtomFromString):
The <dc:format> element describes the physical properties of the volume.
Currently, it indicates the number of pages in the book, but more
information may be added to this field in the future.
This element can appear only as a child of <entry>.
_tag = 'format'
_namespace = DC_NAMESPACE
class Identifier(_AtomFromString):
The <dc:identifier> element provides an unambiguous reference to a
particular book.
* Every <entry> contains at least one <dc:identifier> child.
* The first identifier is always the unique string Book Search has assigned
to the volume (such as s1gVAAAAYAAJ). This is the ID that appears in the
book's URL in the Book Search GUI, as well as in the URL of that book's
single item feed.
* Many books contain additional <dc:identifier> elements. These provide
alternate, external identifiers to the volume. Such identifiers may
include the ISBNs, ISSNs, Library of Congress Control Numbers (LCCNs),
and OCLC numbers; they are prepended with a corresponding namespace
prefix (such as "ISBN:").
* Any <dc:identifier> can be passed to the Dynamic Links, used to
instantiate an Embedded Viewer, or even used to construct static links to
Book Search.
The <dc:identifier> element can appear only as a child of <entry>.
_tag = 'identifier'
_namespace = DC_NAMESPACE
class Publisher(_AtomFromString):
The <dc:publisher> element contains the name of the entity responsible for
producing and distributing the volume (usually the specific edition of this
book). Examples of a publisher include a person, an organization, or a
This element can appear only as a child of <entry>. If there is more than
one publisher, multiple <dc:publisher> elements may appear.
_tag = 'publisher'
_namespace = DC_NAMESPACE
class Subject(_AtomFromString):
The <dc:subject> element identifies the topic of the book. Usually this is
a Library of Congress Subject Heading (LCSH) or Book Industry Standards
and Communications Subject Heading (BISAC).
The <dc:subject> element can appear only as a child of <entry>. There may
be multiple <dc:subject> elements per entry.
_tag = 'subject'
_namespace = DC_NAMESPACE
class Title(_AtomFromString):
The <dc:title> element contains the title of a book as it was published. If
a book has a subtitle, it appears as a second <dc:title> element in the book
result's <entry>.
_tag = 'title'
_namespace = DC_NAMESPACE
class Viewability(_AtomFromString):
Google Book Search respects the user's local copyright restrictions. As a
result, previews or full views of some books are not available in all
locations. The <gbs:viewability> element indicates whether a book is fully
viewable, can be previewed, or only has "about the book" information. These
three "viewability modes" are the same ones returned by the Dynamic Links
The <gbs:viewability> element can appear only as a child of <entry>.
The value attribute will take the form of the following URIs to represent
the relevant viewing capability:
Full View:
Limited Preview:
Snippet View/No Preview:
Unknown view:
_tag = 'viewability'
_attributes = atom.AtomBase._attributes.copy()
_attributes['value'] = 'value'
def __init__(self, value=None, text=None,
extension_elements=None, extension_attributes=None):
self.value = value
_AtomFromString.__init__(self, extension_elements=extension_elements,
extension_attributes=extension_attributes, text=text)
class Embeddability(_AtomFromString):
Many of the books found on Google Book Search can be embedded on third-party
sites using the Embedded Viewer. The <gbs:embeddability> element indicates
whether a particular book result is available for embedding. By definition,
a book that cannot be previewed on Book Search cannot be embedded on third-
party sites.
The <gbs:embeddability> element can appear only as a child of <entry>.
The value attribute will take on one of the following URIs:
not embeddable:
_tag = 'embeddability'
_attributes = atom.AtomBase._attributes.copy()
_attributes['value'] = 'value'
def __init__(self, value=None, text=None, extension_elements=None,
self.value = value
_AtomFromString.__init__(self, extension_elements=extension_elements,
extension_attributes=extension_attributes, text=text)
class Review(_AtomFromString):
When present, the <gbs:review> element contains a user-generated review for
a given book. This element currently appears only in the user library and
user annotation feeds, as a child of <entry>.
type: text, html, xhtml
xml:lang: id of the language, a guess, (always two letters?)
_tag = 'review'
_attributes = atom.AtomBase._attributes.copy()
_attributes['type'] = 'type'
_attributes['{}lang'] = 'lang'
def __init__(self, type=None, lang=None, text=None,
extension_elements=None, extension_attributes=None):
self.type = type
self.lang = lang
_AtomFromString.__init__(self, extension_elements=extension_elements,
extension_attributes=extension_attributes, text=text)
class Rating(_AtomFromString):
"""All attributes must take an integral string between 1 and 5.
The min, max, and average attributes represent 'community' ratings. The
value attribute is the user's (of the feed from which the item is fetched,
not necessarily the authenticated user) rating of the book.
_tag = 'rating'
_namespace = gdata.GDATA_NAMESPACE
_attributes = atom.AtomBase._attributes.copy()
_attributes['min'] = 'min'
_attributes['max'] = 'max'
_attributes['average'] = 'average'
_attributes['value'] = 'value'
def __init__(self, min=None, max=None, average=None, value=None, text=None,
extension_elements=None, extension_attributes=None):
self.min = min
self.max = max
self.average = average
self.value = value
_AtomFromString.__init__(self, extension_elements=extension_elements,
extension_attributes=extension_attributes, text=text)
class Book(_AtomFromString, gdata.GDataEntry):
Represents an <entry> from either a search, annotation, library, or single
item feed. Note that dc_title attribute is the proper title of the volume,
title is an atom element and may not represent the full title.
_tag = 'entry'
_namespace = atom.ATOM_NAMESPACE
_children = gdata.GDataEntry._children.copy()
for i in (Creator, Identifier, Publisher, Subject,):
_children['{%s}%s' % (i._namespace, i._tag)] = (i._tag, [i])
for i in (Date, Description, Format, Viewability, Embeddability,
Review, Rating): # Review, Rating maybe only in anno/lib entrys
_children['{%s}%s' % (i._namespace, i._tag)] = (i._tag, i)
# there is an atom title as well, should we clobber that?
_children['{%s}%s' % (Title._namespace, Title._tag)] = ('dc_title', [Title])
def to_dict(self):
"""Returns a dictionary of the book's available metadata. If the data
cannot be discovered, it is not included as a key in the returned dict.
The possible keys are: authors, embeddability, date, description,
format, identifiers, publishers, rating, review, subjects, title, and
* Plural keys will be lists
* Singular keys will be strings
* Title, despite usually being a list, joins the title and subtitle
with a space as a single string.
* embeddability and viewability only return the portion of the URI
after #
* identifiers is a list of tuples, where the first item of each tuple
is the type of identifier and the second item is the identifying
string. Note that while doing dict() on this tuple may be possible,
some items may have multiple of the same identifier and converting
to a dict may resulted in collisions/dropped data.
* Rating returns only the user's rating. See Rating class for precise
d = {}
if self.GetAnnotationLink():
d['annotation'] = self.GetAnnotationLink().href
if self.creator:
d['authors'] = [x.text for x in self.creator]
if self.embeddability:
d['embeddability'] = self.embeddability.value.split('#')[-1]
d['date'] =
if self.description:
d['description'] = self.description.text
if self.format:
d['format'] = self.format.text
if self.identifier:
d['identifiers'] = [('google_id', self.identifier[0].text)]
for x in self.identifier[1:]:
l = x.text.split(':') # should we lower the case of the ids?
d['identifiers'].append((l[0], ':'.join(l[1:])))
if self.GetInfoLink():
d['info'] = self.GetInfoLink().href
if self.GetPreviewLink():
d['preview'] = self.GetPreviewLink().href
if self.publisher:
d['publishers'] = [x.text for x in self.publisher]
if self.rating:
d['rating'] = self.rating.value
d['review'] =
if self.subject:
d['subjects'] = [x.text for x in self.subject]
if self.GetThumbnailLink():
d['thumbnail'] = self.GetThumbnailLink().href
if self.dc_title:
d['title'] = ' '.join([x.text for x in self.dc_title])
if self.viewability:
d['viewability'] = self.viewability.value.split('#')[-1]
return d
def __init__(self, creator=None, date=None,
description=None, format=None, author=None, identifier=None,
publisher=None, subject=None, dc_title=None, viewability=None,
embeddability=None, review=None, rating=None, category=None,
content=None, contributor=None, atom_id=None, link=None,
published=None, rights=None, source=None, summary=None,
title=None, control=None, updated=None, text=None,
extension_elements=None, extension_attributes=None):
self.creator = creator = date
self.description = description
self.format = format
self.identifier = identifier
self.publisher = publisher
self.subject = subject
self.dc_title = dc_title or []
self.viewability = viewability
self.embeddability = embeddability = review
self.rating = rating
gdata.GDataEntry.__init__(self, author=author, category=category,
content=content, contributor=contributor, atom_id=atom_id,
link=link, published=published, rights=rights, source=source,
summary=summary, title=title, control=control, updated=updated,
text=text, extension_elements=extension_elements,
def GetThumbnailLink(self):
"""Returns the atom.Link object representing the thumbnail URI."""
for i in
if i.rel == THUMBNAIL_REL:
return i
def GetInfoLink(self):
Returns the atom.Link object representing the human-readable info URI.
for i in
if i.rel == INFO_REL:
return i
def GetPreviewLink(self):
"""Returns the atom.Link object representing the preview URI."""
for i in
if i.rel == PREVIEW_REL:
return i
def GetAnnotationLink(self):
Returns the atom.Link object representing the Annotation URI.
Note that the use of www.books in the href of this link seems to make
this information useless. Using books.service.ANNOTATION_FEED and
BOOK_SERVER to construct your URI seems to work better.
for i in
if i.rel == ANNOTATION_REL:
return i
def set_rating(self, value):
"""Set user's rating. Must be an integral string between 1 nad 5"""
assert (value in ('1','2','3','4','5'))
if not isinstance(self.rating, Rating):
self.rating = Rating()
self.rating.value = value
def set_review(self, text, type='text', lang='en'):
"""Set user's review text""" = Review(text=text, type=type, lang=lang)
def get_label(self):
"""Get users label for the item as a string"""
for i in self.category:
if i.scheme == LABEL_SCHEME:
return i.term
def set_label(self, term):
"""Clear pre-existing label for the item and set term as the label."""
self.category.append(atom.Category(term=term, scheme=LABEL_SCHEME))
def remove_label(self):
"""Clear the user's label for the item"""
ln = len(self.category)
for i, j in enumerate(self.category[::-1]):
if j.scheme == LABEL_SCHEME:
def clean_annotations(self):
"""Clear all annotations from an item. Useful for taking an item from
another user's library/annotation feed and adding it to the
authenticated user's library without adopting annotations."""
self.remove_label() = None
self.rating = None
def get_google_id(self):
"""Get Google's ID of the item."""
class BookFeed(_AtomFromString, gdata.GDataFeed):
"""Represents a feed of entries from a search."""
_tag = 'feed'
_namespace = atom.ATOM_NAMESPACE
_children = gdata.GDataFeed._children.copy()
_children['{%s}%s' % (Book._namespace, Book._tag)] = (Book._tag, [Book])
if __name__ == '__main__':
import doctest